|1.||Tranformasi Baru Sektor Perladangan Di Malaysia||826 KB|
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Based on records from the Labour Department, there are as many as 1,623 estates currently operating in Peninsula Malaysia. Out of the total number, 1,390 estates provide their workers’ with living quarters. Until 2010, the enforcement of the Workers' Minimum Standards of Housing and Amenities Act 1990 (Act 466) and Regulations has only been within the Peninsula Malaysia and only subjected to estates of more than 20 hectors regardless of crops.
There is an allocated budget for Act 446. The budget is allocated to improve the infrastructure only if the estate employer plans to prepare housing facilities for his workers. It is hoped that by taking care of the welfare and comfort of the workers, especially the local ones, it may retain the existing number of local workmen as well as attract new job seekers into the agricultural sector. As an effort to keep a balance between the foreign and local workmen, the Labour Department has introduced a new concept, called the Estate Community Concept. The concept aims to attract more local workers by improvising the infrastructures at existing estates.
The Department is in the midst of planning to reduce the existing number of substandard houses in estates by:
- Enforcing Act 446;
- ii. Demolishing the existing substandard houses or getting the employers to acknowledge their responsibilities on the safety of the substandard houses nonetheless still allowing their workmen to stay in them;
- Renovating existing substandard houses to standard houses.
The employer is responsible to ensure free and sufficient water supply to the living quarters. According to Section 6(1)(a) of the Workers' Minimum Standards of Housing and Amenities Act 1990, “Where workers and their dependants are provided with housing at their place of employment it shall be the duty of the employer of such place of employment to provide free and adequate piped water drawn from a public main, or where the Director General so permits in writing, to provide free and adequate supply of potable piped water drawn from any other source which shall be filtered and treated in a manner approved by the Director General.” According to the agreement between The Malayan Agricultural Producers Association (MAPA) and the National Union of Plantation Workers (NUPW), an employer is required to ensure supply of free water up to 159 litres (35 gallons) a day for each occupants, subject to 5 occupants per house.
Rumah ladang yang cukup selesa dengan pelbagai kemudahan asas dapat memastikan tenaga kerja tempatan terus berkhidmat di situ.
Comfortable housing quarters complete with basic facilities can be a factor to retain local workers.
The employer is also responsible to ensure sufficient electricity supply to the living quarters. According to Section 6(1)(b), Act 446, “Where workers and their dependants are provided with housing at their place of employment it shall be the duty of the employer of such place of employment to provide adequate electricity supply drawn from a public main or from its own.”
Among the reasons for the need to have own source of electricity are:
- Exorbitant connection cost from the main line;
- Electricity supplier refuses to perform connection works to the estates;
- The estates are located far from the next town.
The Department has had discussions with Tenaga Nasional Berhad to assist interested estates to get electricity supply from the public mains.
Paved and Unpaved Roads and Other Facilities
Also, based on the Department’s records, the connecting roads that lead into the estates are mostly dirt roads and are found to cause inconvenience especially during rainy seasons. The department is giving its utmost attention on this matter; it has also requested the cooperation from other agencies to assist with road upgrading works.
The Department constantly cooperates with other government agencies to upgrade the infrastructural facilities in the estates. As a result from the efforts, there have been direct and indirect involvements of ministries and government units such as the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development, the Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities, the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water and the Implementation Coordination Unit of the Prime Minister’s Office. Upgrade works on the connecting roads are done from time to time for the convenience of the settlers.
The connecting roads at the estates are given constant attention and upgrade works for the convenience of the settlers.
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- Organise MOU between the prison house, Labour and potential employer.
- To provide the employment service facility for the high requirement targeting position or employee, to those employer who facing shortage manpower needs, especially for the general workers.
- To identify those potential employers who plan or in progress to request or hiring the targeting manpower group to fulfill their manpower shortage, especially for those who applied for foreign workers.
- To organize the visit to prison house to identify the actual providing facilities by Malaysian Prison Department and understand the training program to the prisoner.
- To conduct discussion with the employers and prison department for the mutual understanding and establish MOU for the related program.
- In the comunnity
The works performed at the trainee’s training centre. The employer will provide all the materials and equipments including the respective delivery of the works which need to be accomplished.
- In the employer premises.
The trainees were placed in the employer premises. The trainees’ transportation arrangements are subject to both parties’ agreement. The consideration will take upon to employ the prisoner during the parole period.
- To organize cooperation program with the employers who offer the employment with proper interview to the candidates from ‘Latent Workforces’ group.
- To filter the potential candidates for interview.
- To organise interview exercises, to provide the interview venue and to arrange how to organize the candidates to interview venue, either at the employer premises or ‘JobMalaysia’ centres.
- To organize the discussion and progress visit to identify those potential employers which capable to provide employment to latent workforces.
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The committee was establish to assist the latent workforce group in optimum level in job market and to relate it in related suitable fields such as business, plantation etc. The committee will ensure the related activities are able to be performed in mutual benefits and for the monitoring purposes.
The total registration and placement are able to be monitored and updated from time to time. With the respective government’s agencies, bodies, companies and entrepreneur’s cooperation and support, the program are believe to be organized to achieve desire result and objective.
Committee Establishment Target Scope
- Those potential employer from government or private sector which committed to provide job opportunities.
- The latent workforce group which having capability, feasibility and skillfull in work
- Those government agency or department who execute the program, and
- Employer bodies, trade union and non-government organisation
The Committee Role And Function.
- Identify latent workfoce group in our country.
- Coordinate the role of parties in the committee
- Identify the method to use this group of manpower in optimum level in job market.
- Identify the program and activity which suitable to the target group.
- Coordinate those activities which resulting the changing of thought capability and soft skill competency among the target group.
- Identify the type of assistance or help to be given.
- Identify the potential companies or employers to provide the employment opportunities to targeted group.
- To obtain the mutual cooperation with identify companies to implement the planned program.
- To access and analyze the target group.
- To provide readiness and coordinate the data for the employers, targeted group and third party.
- To perform the research and development (R&D)
|Chairman||: Director General Labour|
|Deputy Chairman||: Deputy Director General Labour (Operation)|
: Labour Departmet
: Information Management, Ministry of Human Resource
: Labour Policy Department, Ministry of Human Resource
: Human Resource Policy, Ministry of Human Resource
: Ministry of Home Affairs
: Economic Planning Unit (EPU)
: Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development
: Department of Social Welfare
: Labour Department
: Prisons Department
: Malaysian Government Pensioners
: National Anti-Drugs Agency
: Department of Orang Asli Management
: Council of Trust for The Indigenous People
: TEKUN NASIONAL
: Federation of Malaysian Manufacturer (FMM)
: Persekutuan Majikan-Majikan Malaysia (MEF)
: Malaysian Trade Union Congress
: Department of Women Development
: Ministry of Rural and Regional Development
: Federal Agriculture Marketing Board (FAMA)
: Department of Agriculture
: Department of Fishing
: Daily School Unit, Ministry of Education
: Special Education Unit, Ministry of Education.
: Ex-Service Associations
: SME Corporation Malaysia
: Department of Verterinar Services
: Malaysian Private Trust
: Ministry of Local Government and Housing
: Members of Academia
: Non-Government Organisations
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- Membantu golongan 'latent workforces' yang terdiri daripada OKU, ibu tunggal, suri rumah tangga, bekas banduan, pesara, bekas penagih, orang asli dan lain-lain yang tidak bekerja untuk mendapatkan pekerjaan secara tetap atau sambilan melalui peluang-peluang kerja ditawarkan oleh syarikat swasta dan awam
- Meningkatkan kesedaran masyarakat korporat tentang tanggungjawab sosial mereka terhadap golongan sasar dan seterusnya menggiatkan usaha untuk menaiktaraf hidup mereka
- Memberi alternatif kepada pihak syarikat untuk mendapatkan pekerja dan seterusnya mengurangkan kebergantungan kepada tenaga kerja asing dan
- Memupuk semangat kesedaran di kalangan golongan sasar untuk melengkapkan diri dengan keupayaan, kelayakan dan kemahiran untuk bersaing di sektor pekerjaan agar dapat bersama-sama menyumbang ke arah pembangunan negara.
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“Homeworking” are working from home concept. It is referring to the “the works offered by the company either directly or through the third party by the individual or group in the specific premises which used as a working operation”. As an example, housewives are able to perform cloth ironing or folding for suitable factory. The payment are made base on the related work accomplishment.
This program will be able to resolve the shortage of labour faced by various sectors. The structuring program and which can be widely implemented will able to become an alternative approach to much dependence of foreign workers. The International Labour Organization (ILO) was given an attention into this situation since year 1995 and this kind of programs was properly practices in developed countries such as France, Japan, United kingdom and United States of America. The developing country like Malaysia shall taking into same approach toward as a developed country.
Various activities will be organised by the Labour Department in the whole year which focusing to the target group in Kuala Lumpur, Melacca, Perak, Johore, Kelantan and Terengganu. The Labour Department also responsible to identify those potential companies or manufacturing or those has done the home working concept. Those identified companies are the small and medium industries whereby most of the implementation processes are involve the light works such as packaging, suture, product assemble, crafts, weave and food products.
Homeworking program are design in compose manners and widely to be implemented, as an option to avoid too much depending to foreign workers. Most of small and medium industries which allocate light works such as packaging, suture, product assemble, food product producing are highly potential in homeworking approach.
To encourage the targeting group participation in labour market and flexible work method, the government gazettes the Part Time Regulations under Employment Act 1955. The effort to encourage part time employment will contribute to state economy activities which parallel with the provided incentive under Ten Malaysian Plans. The work method such as homeworking, part time work and flexible working time were put under encouragement. Further more, the local manpower participation are able to be improved and those female labour will properly utilized.
The department will create the cooperation with all employers and perform the promotion program to establish PAKK based on industry needs. These activities are able to fulfill the corporate social responsibilities requirements which toward the care Malaysian citizens. The effort to encourage the part time employment will contribute to Malaysia’s economic activities which parallel with the incentives under Tenth Malaysia Plans. These policy and flexible work practices will encourage the retired Malaysian peoples to give continuity contribution to our economic, especially in related sectors and employments which acquired their skills and experiences. The Labour Department will activate related promotions and cooperation activities with related employers and government agencies to ensure this activity being performed accordingly.
- Thursday, 17 February 2011 07:03
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The global financial crisis that began in October 2008 and prolonged until 2009 had caused economic slowdown in the most parts of the world. Malaysia was also affected by the crisis where in January 2009, the nation’s exports were reduced by 27.8%.
Many companies either downsized or reorganised their operations in hope to last through the financial crisis. Some companies had to exercise permanent- or voluntary- lay-off that caused many to lose their jobs. Some employers exercised temporary lay-offs, pay cuts or set a limit to overtime that caused a huge reduction in their workers’ income.
During this period, the number of workers who lost their jobs was on the rise while more and more fresh graduates were flooding the job market.
Hence, the Labour Department took a proactive step to form the Worker Retrenchment Monitoring Operations Room. The operations room aimed at providing training and placement of retrenched workers. During this time, both JobsMalaysia Centre (JMC) and JobsMalaysia Point (JMP) were formed to assist in placing workers who lost their jobs.
2009 Activities and Performance
- 1.Worker Retrenchment Monitoring Operations Room
The Ministry of Human Resources through the Labour Department formed the first Operations Room on 16th December 2008. There are now as many as 80 units all over Malaysia, centered in the Labour Department offices to monitor and to deal with retrenchment issues.
The main objectives for the operations rooms are:
- a.To monitor and identify the employees and employers who are involved in lay-off exercises.
- b.To assist with the placement of the retrenched employees into the job market.
- c.To gather data and information on lay-offs.
- d.To promote and strengthen the Labour Department’s function in dealing with the retrenchment issues.
- e.To identify the main issues in retrenchments.
- f.To promote registration of job seekers and employers through the JobsMalaysia portal.
- 2.Economic Stimulus Packages 1 and 2
To reduce the effect of the economic crisis on the nation, the Government launched two Economic Stimulus Packages. Package 1 was launched on 4th November 2008 worth RM7 billion while Package 2 was launched on 10th March 2009 worth RM60 billion. A total of RM365 million was allocated from both the packages to assist both retrenched- and new- workers to get jobs.
The Ministry of Human Resources received an allocation of RM220 million from the Economic Stimulus Package 1 to train laid-off employees, graduates and unemployed youths. Meanwhile, under the Economic Stimulus Package 2, a total of RM136 million was allocated to create new jobs.
Last Updated on Thursday, 20 June 2013 01:32
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- Balance of salary
- Indemnity payment of salary to replace resignation notice
- Paid public holiday
- Paid annual leave
- Paid sick leave
- Paid weekly rest day
- Public holiday salary payment
- Normal day overtime salary payment
- Rest day overtime salary payment
- Public holiday salary payment
- Maternity leave allowance
- Termination benefit
- Foreign workers employment
- Breach of employment contract
Workers' Minimum Standards Of Housing And Amenities Act 1990
- The unsufficient clean water supply
- House development without plan approval
- The unsufficient electricity supply
Children And Young Persons Employment Act 1966
- The statutory benefit not paid
- Breach of employment conditions
Workmen's Compensation ACT 1952
- Failed to insure employees
- Failed to report employee accident
- Failed to pay compensation
Isu melibatkan dasar, agama dan penggajian
- Breach of government decision or policy
- Racial discrimination
- Praying time or place not provided
- Unfair labour practice
- Low salary / no salary increment
- Constructive dismissal or employer oppression